Mirena IUD Side Effects
Mirena is an intrauterine device (IUD) that is inserted into the uterus
to prevent pregnancy. It is ahormonal birth control method that involves the release of progestin in order to suppress ovulation,
thin the uterine lining, and prevent fertilization of an egg. Mirena is
intended to offer
long-term pregnancy prevention, and women may have the device in for up to five years before a replacement
is needed. However, many serious
Mirena side effects have been reported to the FDA. About
45,000 adverse events have already been reported.
Common Mirena IUD side effects
Possible side effects of Mirena IUD birth control can include:
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes
- Pain during intercourse
- Infection (fever, chills)
- Allergic reaction (trouble breathing, swelling of the facial region, hives)
- Pale skin/easy bruising
- Extreme dizziness
- Pelvic pain and cramps
- Vaginal bleeding, sores, or discharge
- Embedment in the uterine wall
- Erosion of the IUD
Some women have also experienced Mirena side effects like back pain, mood
changes, weight gain, nausea, vomiting, and bloating. It’s also
possible to experience heavy menstrual bleeding or breakthrough bleeding,
along with other irregularities in menstruation.
Mirena can also cause
ovarian cysts, which are abnormal growths of the ovaries that can rupture. If this complication
occurs, internal bleeding and ovarian torsion may result.
IUD migration may lead to perforation of the uterus
The Mirena IUD is inserted by a healthcare professional, and it is intended
to remain in place until the healthcare professional removes it. However, the
uterine wall can be perforated, or punctured, by the IUD when the doctor inserts it. In addition, the
FDA has received many reports of perforation that occurred at some point
after insertion. This adverse event can lead to infection, organ damage,
Uterine perforation often requires surgery, and sometimes multiple surgeries
may be needed. Scar tissue that develops as a result of surgery may cause
infertility. Women who have experienced these
Mirena IUD side effects have reported heart palpitations, nausea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain.
Migration of Mirena necessitates surgery
It’s critical for Mirena patients to see their healthcare providers
upon experiencing any possible symptoms of
uterine perforation. If treatment is delayed, the device can migrate further until it is outside
the uterine cavity. This risk is heightened in women who have this birth
control device inserted shortly after giving birth, particularly while
they are breastfeeding.
Some women have suffered from
intestinal perforation due to migration of the Mirena device. This can lead to abscesses, intestinal
obstruction, and damage to other organs and tissues, along with adhesions
and scarring. Patients might require
surgical intervention to remove the IUD once it has migrated, and surgeries carry additional
risks, such as adverse reactions to anesthesia and infections.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) reported
Mirena side effects can also include pelvic inflammatory disease, which
is a bacterial infection. Severe indications of PID include symptoms of
shock, including fainting, as well as a high fever, vomiting, and severe
lower abdominal pain. Some women may also have difficulty passing urine, fatigue, and a heavy,
foul-smelling vaginal discharge. If it is left untreated, PID can lead
to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and an
If an ectopic pregnancy occurs, it is a potentially life-threatening situation
that requires prompt medical care to remedy significant internal bleeding.
It occurs when a fertilized egg is unable to travel through the fallopian tube.
Emergency surgery is required to treat it.
More women using IUDs
It has been estimated that
15 million women worldwide have used the Mirena IUD, with 2 million women in the U.S. relying
on the birth control device manufactured by Bayer. Positive reviews have
noted the convenience of the device; unlike a pill, it does not need to
be taken daily. Clinical trials have shown Mirena to be
more effective in stopping pregnancy than oral contraceptives: the failure rate with
Mirena, when working correctly, is
less than 1% over five years.
In 2002, about 1.4 percent of contraceptives used were IUDs, whereas in
2010, IUDs made up about 10.4 percent of prescribed birth control.
Mirena FDA warnings
The FDA approved Mirena for consumer use in 2000. However, in 2009, the
a Mirena FDA warning to Bayer, the manufacturer. The FDA noted a misbranding
of the product, and stated that the company made misleading claims regarding
its indications. Bayer had launched a marketing campaign that insinuated
that the Mirena IUD would improve a couple’s intimacy and romance.
In that same warning letter, the FDA noted the potential for serious Mirena
IUD side effects. The warning letter stated that Bayer had failed to adequately
warn consumers of the side effects of the IUD, and that the company did
not make accurate statements regarding the proper functioning of the device.
Mirena side effects prompt lawsuits
permanent complications have prompted many to file Mirena lawsuits against Bayer. Many of the
lawsuits claim that the company failed to warn doctors and patients of
the risks of the IUD device. Mirena lawyers for the plaintiffs have often
cited migration of the device and the potential for uterine perforation
as injuries for which Bayer is liable. Lawsuits allege that the company
has claimed that these side effects are not common.
At Hutton & Hutton, we provide skilled representation for
product liability and
medical malpractice victims.